Arc magmatism associated with continental convergence in the SE segment of the UDMA, Iran: Insights from zircon geochronology and Hf–Sr–Nd–Fe isotopes

Shahrouz Babazadeh, Jalil Ghalamghash, Davood Raeisi, M. Santosh, Tanya Furman, Sung Hi Choi, Massimo D'Antonio, Esa Heilimo, John M. Cottle

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Magmatic suites provide the keys to evaluate the growth and reworking of continental crust. Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene convergence in the Urumieh–Dokhtar magmatic arc (UDMA) of Iran produced continental-arc magmatism that traces the transition from subduction to collision. The extent and origin of some magmatic segments in the SE UDMA remain poorly understood. The Oligocene (31 to 25 Ma) Jiroft plutonic rocks here investigated encompass the compositional spectrum from gabbro to granodiorite. Zircon εHf(t) (−1.3 to +8.1), whole rock εNd(t) (+0.8 to +3) and δ56Fe (0.07‰ to 0.16‰) are intermediate between values of depleted mantle and arc-related magmas, and indicate low degrees of oxidization of metasomatized mantle. Modelling indicates that the trace element patterns of Jiroft parental melts can be closely replicated by 4% partial melting (i.e., F = 4%) of a mantle source which was metasomatized by 2% of sediment melt. The parental melt fits well with a model pattern of ∼97% batch melt (i.e., 98% DM + 2% sediment at F = 4%) and contaminated with ∼3% upper crustal components. The 31–25 Ma magmas of the SE UDMA formed before the main collision event (< 20 Ma) between Arabia and Iran, in conjunction with changing tectonic regime from extensional to compressional. Compilation of the Cenozoic magmatic front (i.e., UDMA) and rear-arc (NE Iran and Alborz–Azerbaijan) data reveals variable degrees of crustal cannibalization during the flare-up episodes. We find that individual segments of the UDMA experienced different geodynamics conditions, further documenting the diachronous collision and correspondingly non-uniform crustal thickening across the UDMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107468
StatePublished - Feb 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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