Are CEOs rewarded for managerial ability? Evidence from nonprofit hospitals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Most prior studies investigating determinants of CEO compensation in nonprofit hospitals ignore how managerial ability affects compensation. This study aims to examine whether CEOs with greater ability to manage corporate resources efficiently receive more payment in nonprofit hospitals. Design/methodology/approach: This study employs a sample of 764 observations from 85 Pennsylvania nonprofit hospitals for the period 2010–2020. Findings: This study finds a positive and statistically significant association between managerial ability and CEO compensation. The results are robust to alternative measures of managerial ability. Practical implications: The measure of managerial ability proposed in this study could be used by boards of directors to quantify, evaluate and benchmark CEO ability. The results are also relevant to policymakers, stakeholders and the public interested in understanding the determinants of CEO compensation in nonprofits. Originality/value: This study is among the first to use a more precise measure of managerial ability, which captures the unobserved manager-specific aspects of CEO ability. In addition, this study contributes to the literature by providing evidence that CEO's ability to manage hospital resources efficiently plays an essential role in designing executive compensation contracts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-243
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 23 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Administration
  • Strategy and Management

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