Are children with type 1 diabetes safe at school? Examining parent perceptions

Kimberly A. Driscoll, Lisa K. Volkening, Heidi Haro, Gesnyr Ocean, Yuxia Wang, Crystal Crismond Jackson, Marilyn Clougherty, Daniel E. Hale, Georgeanna J. Klingensmith, Lori Laffel, Larry C. Deeb, Linda M. Siminerio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe parent perceptions of children's diabetes care at school including: availability of licensed health professionals; staff training; logistics of provision of care; and occurrence and treatment of hypo- and hyperglycemia; and to examine parents' perceptions of their children's safety and satisfaction in the school environment. Research design and methods: A survey was completed by parents of children with type 1 diabetes from permissive (trained, non-medical school personnel permitted to provide diabetes care; N = 237) and non-permissive (only licensed health care professionals permitted to provide diabetes care; N = 198) states. Results: Most parents reported that schools had nurses available for the school day; teachers and coaches should be trained; nurses, children, and parents frequently provided diabetes care; and hypo- and hyperglycemia occurred often. Parents in permissive states perceived children to be as safe and were as satisfied with care as parents in non-permissive states. Conclusions: Training non-medical staff will probably maximize safety of children with diabetes when a school nurse is not available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-620
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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