23 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and cost of assisted reproductive techniques in older women (40 years or older) in comparison to younger women (less than 30 years old). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of records from one university-based infertility practice. RESULTS: Women 40 years or older were significantly less likely to achieve pregnancy with human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG)/intrauterine insemination as compared to women under age 30. The older women were also significantly less likely to achieve pregnancy with in vitro fertilization (IVF). The use of donor oocytes resulted in the highest pregnancy rates in older women. Costs per cycle were similar, however, for both groups. CONCLUSION: Older women will consume an equal amount of medical resources per cycle in infertility treatment as compared to younger women (aged < 30 years). However, older women utilizing assisted reproductive techniques are four to five times less likely to achieve pregnancy than the younger group. This poor prognosis for success in older women adds significantly to the mean cost per pregnancy as compared to younger women. Donor oocytes may be the most cost-effective option for achieving pregnancy in older women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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