Artificial intelligence and formal models of international behavior

Philip A. Schrodt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


During the past five years, models and techniques developed in artificial intelligence (AI) have been applied to a wide variety of topics in international relations (IR). These applications build on a theoretical base established at MIT during the 1970s, and the expansion of the applications reflects both changes in AI research and limitations of alternative models such as statistical modeling and rational choice approaches. Current applications in IR/AI tend to fall into three categories. First, there have been extensive applications of if-then rules in expert systems and simulations. Second, many models emphasize the role of historical precedent in IR decision making. Third, a variety of approaches employing natural language are under development. These AI techniques have extended considerably the range and complexity of formal models of international behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-85
Number of pages15
JournalThe American Sociologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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