Ask, Answer, and Announce: Three stages in perceiving and responding to discrimination

Charles Stangor, Janet K. Swim, Gretchen B. Sechrist, Jamie DeCoster, Katherine L. Van Allen, Alison Ottenbreit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


: Discrimination towards members of low-status groups takes a variety of forms, and results in a variety of negative consequences for its victims. Furthermore, discrimination may influence its targets either directly (for instance, when housing discrimination makes insurance, mortgage rates, or rents higher for African Americans than for whites) or indirectly, that is via perceptions on the part of the stigmatised. In the latter case the outcomes are caused or amplified by perceptions on the part of the victim that he or she is the target of discrimination. This chapter focuses on current research concerning factors that influence the perception of discrimination and its indirect influence on individuals. We review work from our own lab as well as from the field more broadly, focusing on research that attempts to explain contextual and individual variability in how events that are potentially due to discrimination are initially perceived, subsequently interpreted, and then publicly reported or withheld.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-311
Number of pages35
JournalEuropean Review of Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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