Assessment of the injured ankle in the athlete

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Objective: To present appropriate tools to assist in the assessment and evaluation of ankle injuries in athletes. Data Sources: A MEDLINE search was performed for the years 1980-2001 using the terms ankle injuries and ankle sprains. Data Synthesis: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries sustained by athletes. In order to render appropriate treatment, a proper evaluation must be made. Assessment of ankle injuries includes obtaining a good history of the mechanism of injury, a thorough physical examination, and judicious use of radiographic evaluation and special tests. I will outline techniques for diagnosing the most common ankle injuries among athletes. Conclusions/Recommendations: In order to provide appropriate treatment, the examiner must differentiate among injuries to the lateral ankle-ligament complex, subtalar joint, deltoid ligament, and syndesmosis. It is important to realize that injury can occur to any or all of these structures simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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