Assessment of volume status in hospitalized patients with heart failure is a critically important diagnostic skill that clinicians utilize frequently. However, accurate assessment is challenging and there is often significant inter-provider disagreement. This review serves as an appraisal of current methods of volume assessment amongst different categories of evaluation including patient history, physical exam, laboratory analysis, imaging, and invasive procedures. Within each category, this review highlights methods that are particularly sensitive or specific, or those that carry impactful positive or negative likelihood ratios. Utilization of the information that this review provides will allow clinicians to determine volume status of hospitalized heart failure patients more accurately and more precisely in order to provide appropriate and effective therapies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine