Assimilating endocrine anatomy through simulation: A pre-emptive strike!

Phillip G. Rowse, Raaj K. Ruparel, Rushin D. Brahmbhatt, Benzon M. Dy, Yazan N. Aljamal, Jad Abdelsattar, David R. Farley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background We sought to determine if endocrine anatomy could be learned with the aid of a hands-on, low-cost, low-fidelity surgical simulation curriculum and pre-emptive 60-second YouTube video clip. Methods A 3-hour endocrine surgery simulation session was held on back-to-back Fridays. A video clip was made available to the 2nd group of learners. A comprehensive 40-point test was administered before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the sessions. Results General surgery interns (n = 26) participated. The video was viewed 19 times by 80% (12 of 15) of interns with access. Viewers outperformed nonviewers on subsequent post-testing (mean [SD], 29.7 [1.3] vs 24.4 [1.6]; P =.015). Mean scores on the anatomy section of the post-test were higher among viewers than nonviewers (mean [SD] 14.2 [.9] vs 10.3 [1.0]; P =.012). Conclusions Low-cost simulation models can be used to teach endocrine anatomy. Pre-emptive viewing of a 60-second video may have been a key factor resulting in higher post-test scores compared with controls, suggesting that the video intervention improved the educational effectiveness of the session.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-546
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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