Association between coronary artery vitamin D receptor expression and select systemic risks factors for coronary artery atherosclerosis

M. Nudy, R. Xie, D. M. O’Sullivan, X. Jiang, S. Appt, T. C. Register, J. R. Kaplan, T. B. Clarkson, P. F. Schnatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the association between coronary artery vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression and systemic coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA) risk factors. Methods: Female cynomolgus monkeys (n = 39) consumed atherogenic diets containing the women’s equivalent of 1000 IU/day of vitamin D3. After 32 months consuming the diets, each monkey underwent surgical menopause. After 32 postmenopausal months, CAA and VDR expression were quantified in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Plasma 25OHD3, lipid profiles and serum monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) were measured. Results: In postmenopausal monkeys receiving atherogenic diets, serum MCP-1 was significantly elevated compared with baseline (482.2 ± 174.2 pg/ml vs. 349.1 ± 163.2 pg/ml, respectively; p < 0.001; d = 0.79) and at the start of menopause (363.4 ± 117.2 pg/ml; p < 0.001; d = 0.80). Coronary VDR expression was inversely correlated with serum MCP-1 (p = 0.042). Additionally, the change of postmenopausal MCP-1 (from baseline to necropsy) was significantly reduced in the group with higher, compared to below the median, VDR expression (p = 0.038). The combination of plasma 25OHD3 and total plasma cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was subsequently broken into low-risk, moderate-risk and high-risk groups; as the risk increased, the VDR quantity decreased (p = 0.04). CAA was not associated with various atherogenic diets. Conclusion: Coronary artery VDR expression was inversely correlated with markers of CAA risk and inflammation, including MCP-1, suggesting that systemic and perhaps local inflammation in the artery may be associated with reduced arterial VDR expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-375
Number of pages7
JournalClimacteric
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association between coronary artery vitamin D receptor expression and select systemic risks factors for coronary artery atherosclerosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this