Association between right ventricular global longitudinal strain and mortality in intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism

Ryan Wilson, Shunsuke Eguchi, Yoshiyuki Orihara, Michael Pfeiffer, Brandon Peterson, Mohammed Ruzieh, Zhaohui Gao, John Gorcsan, John Boehmer

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Abstract

Background: Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction has been identified as a prognostic marker for adverse clinical events in patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). However, challenges exist in identifying RV dysfunction using conventional echocardiography techniques. Strain echocardiography is an evolving imaging modality which measures myocardial deformation and can be used as an objective index of RV systolic function. This study evaluated RV Global Longitudinal Strain (RVGLS) in patients with intermediate risk PE as a parameter of RV dysfunction, and compared to traditional echocardiographic and CT parameters evaluating short-term mortality. Methods: Retrospective single center cohort study of 251 patients with intermediate-risk PE between 2010 and 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. Statistical analysis evaluated each parameter comparing survivors versus non-survivors at 30 days. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Kaplan–Meier curves were used for comparison of the two cohorts. Results: Altogether 251 patients were evaluated. Overall mortality rate was 12.4%. Utilizing an ROC curve, an absolute cutoff value of 17.7 for RVGLS demonstrated a sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 70% for observed 30-day mortality. Individuals with an RVGLS ≤17.7 had a 25 times higher mortality rate than those with RVGLS above 17.7 (HR 25.24, 95% CI = 6.0–106.4, p <.001). Area under the curve was (.855), RVGLS outperformed traditional echocardiographic parameters, CT findings, and cardiac biomarkers on univariable and multivariable analysis. Conclusions: Reduced RVGLS values on initial echocardiographic assessment of patients with intermediate-risk PE identified patients at higher risk for mortality at 30 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15815
JournalEchocardiography
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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