Abstract

Objectives: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia can occur in obese subjects. The medical comorbidities associated with obesity may contribute to the pathogenesis of this disease. It is unknown, however, which specific medical comorbidities and if higher odds of thrombosis are present in obese heparin-induced thrombocytopenia patients. We sought to determine whether obese heparin-induced thrombocytopenia subjects had higher odds of both comorbidities and thrombosis, hypothesizing that this patient population would have higher odds of both these conditions. Methods: This was a multi-center retrospective study utilizing TriNetX©, an electronic health record database, in subjects aged 18–99 years diagnosed with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. The cohort was divided into two groups (1) non-obese (body mass index < 30 kg/m2) and (2) obese (body mass index ⩾ 30 kg/m2). We evaluated patient characteristics, diagnostic, laboratory, medication, and procedure codes. Results: A total of 1583 subjects (696 (44.0%) non-obese and 887 (56.0%) obese) were included. Obese subjects had higher odds of diabetes with complications (OR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.35–2.22, p < 0.001) and without complications (OR = 1.81, 95% CI = 1.47–2.22, p < 0.001). This association was still present after correcting for demographic and clinical factors. There were no increased odds of thrombosis observed in the obesity group. Conclusions: Our study found that obese heparin-induced thrombocytopenia subjects had higher odds of having a diabetes mellitus comorbidity, but did not have higher odds of thrombosis. Given obesity is considered a hypercoagulable state, further study may be needed to understand why obese subjects diagnosed with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia do not have higher rates of thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAGE Open Medicine
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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