Objective: To examine the association of multimorbidity with health information technology use among adults in the USA. Methods: We used cross-sectional study design and data from the Health Information National Trends Survey 5 Cycle 4. Health information technology use was measured with ten variables comprising access, recent use, and healthcare management. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic and multinomial logistic regressions were used to model the associations of multimorbidity with health information technology use. Results: Among adults with multimorbidity, health information technology use for specific purposes ranged from 37.8% for helping make medical decisions to 51.7% for communicating with healthcare providers. In multivariable regressions, individuals with multimorbidity were more likely to report general use of health information technology (adjusted odds ratios = 1.48, 95% confidence intervals = 1.01–2.15) and more likely to use health information technology to check test results (adjusted odds ratios = 1.85, 95% confidence intervals = 1.33–2.58) compared to adults with only one chronic condition, however, there were no significant differences in other forms of health information technology use. We also observed interactive associations of multimorbidity and age on various components of health information technology use. Compared to younger adults with multimorbidity, older adults (≥ 65 years of age) with multimorbidity were less likely to use almost all aspects of health information technology. Conclusion: Health information technology use disparities by age and multimorbidity were observed. Education and interventions are needed to promote health information technology use among older adults in general and specifically among older adults with multimorbidity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Policy
- Health Informatics
- Computer Science Applications
- Health Information Management