Background: Interactions among single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of surfactant protein (SP) are associated with acute respiratory failure (ARF) and its short-term outcome, pulmonary dysfunction at discharge (PDAD) in children. However, genetic association studies using individual SNPs have not been conducted before. We hypothesize that SP genetic variants are associated with pediatric ARF and its short-term complications by themselves. Methods: We used available genotype and clinical data in the Floros biobank consisting of 248 children aged ≤24 months with ARF; 86 developed PDAD. A logistic regression analysis was performed for each of the 14 selected SNPs, SP-A1 and SP-A2 genotypes. A p-value less than the Bonferroni correction threshold was considered significant. A likelihood ratio test was done to compare two models (one with demographic data and another with genetic variants). Results: Before Bonferroni correction, female sex is associated with a decreased risk of ARF. Black race and the rs721917 of the SFTPD are associated with increased risk of ARF. After Bonferroni correction, the 1A01A1 genotype of SFTPA2 was associated with decreased risk of ARF. The likelihood ratio test showed that the model of the genotype information with demographic data was a better fit to predict ARF risk. None of the SP SNPs and SP-A1, SP-A2 genotypes were associated with PDAD. Conclusion: Our results indicate that SNPs and genotypes of SPs involved in innate immunity and host defense play an important role in ARF and, in the future, may be used as biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15672
JournalPediatrics International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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