Atom-optics simulator of lattice transport phenomena

Eric J. Meier, Fangzhao Alex An, Bryce Gadway

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Abstract

We experimentally investigate a scheme for studying lattice transport phenomena, based on the controlled momentum-space dynamics of ultracold atomic matter waves. In the effective tight-binding models that can be simulated, we demonstrate that this technique allows for a local and time-dependent control over all system parameters, and additionally allows for single-site resolved detection of atomic populations. We demonstrate full control over site-to-site off-diagonal tunneling elements (amplitude and phase) and diagonal site energies, through the observation of continuous-time quantum walks, Bloch oscillations, and negative tunneling. These capabilities open up new prospects in the experimental study of disordered and topological systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number051602
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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