ATP hydrolysis by yeast Hsp104 determines protein aggregate dissolution and size in vivo

Udhayabhaskar Sathyanarayanan, Marina Musa, Peter Bou Dib, Nuno Raimundo, Ira Milosevic, Anita Krisko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Signs of proteostasis failure often entwine with those of metabolic stress at the cellular level. Here, we study protein sequestration during glucose deprivation-induced ATP decline in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using live-cell imaging, we find that sequestration of misfolded proteins and nascent polypeptides into two distinct compartments, stress granules, and Q-bodies, is triggered by the exhaustion of ATP. Both compartments readily dissolve in a PKA-dependent manner within minutes of glucose reintroduction and ATP level restoration. We identify the ATP hydrolase activity of Hsp104 disaggregase as the critical ATP-consuming process determining compartments abundance and size, even in optimal conditions. Sequestration of proteins into distinct compartments during acute metabolic stress and their retrieval during the recovery phase provide a competitive fitness advantage, likely promoting cell survival during stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5226
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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