ATP stimulates chemically sensitive and sensitizes mechanically sensitive afferents

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We examined whether ATP stimulation of P2X purinoceptors would raise blood pressure in decerebrate cats. Femoral arterial injection of the P2X receptor agonist α,β-methylene ATP into the blood supply of the triceps surae muscle induced a dose-dependent increase in arterial blood pressure. The maximal increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) evoked by 0.1, 0.2, and 0.5 mM α,β-methylene ATP (0.5 ml/min injection rate) was 6.2 ± 2.5, 22.5 ± 4.4, and 35.2 ± 3.9 mmHg, respectively. The P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (2 mM ia) attenuated the increase in MAP elicited by intra-arterial α,β-methylene ATP (0.5 mM), whereas the P2Y receptor antagonist reactive blue 2 (2 mM ia) did not affect the MAP response to α,β-methylene ATP. In a second group of experiments, we tested the hypothesis that ATP acting through P2X receptors would sensitize muscle afferents and, thereby, augment the blood pressure response to muscle stretch. Two kilograms of muscle stretch evoked a 26.5 ± 4.3 mmHg increase in MAP. This MAP response was enhanced when 2 mM ATP or 0.1 mM α,β-methylene ATP (0.5 ml/min) was arterially infused 10 min before muscle stretch. Furthermore, this effect of ATP on the pressor response to stretch was attenuated by 2 mM pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (P < 0.05) but not by the P1 purinoceptor antagonist 8-(p-sulfophenyl)-theophylline (2 mM). These data indicate that activation of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors evokes a skeletal muscle afferent-mediated pressor response and that ATP at relatively low doses enhances the muscle pressor response to stretch via engagement of P2X receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2636-H2643
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number6 52-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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