Autism reversal: eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals

N. H. Azrin, S. J. Kaplan, R. M. Foxx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


Stereotyped self stimulation by retarded persons is a common problem for which no practical treatment exists. Based on the theory that this autistic behavior is caused by a deficit of environmental reinforcement for outward directed activities, a reinforcement program was devised for use with retarded adults. This reinforcement program reduced self stimulation by about 2/3. Further reduction was attempted using an overcorrection procedure. The overcorrection procedure, when combined with the reinforcement program, reduced the self stimulation by 95% after two days and virtually eliminated the problem thereafter. The combined procedure was maintained as a feasible ongoing ward program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1973

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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