Autonomous Emergency Braking of Electric Vehicles With High Robustness to Cyber-Physical Uncertainties for Enhanced Braking Stability

Wanke Cao, Mengchao Yang, Zhongbao Wei, Jun Wang, Xiaoguang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Modern autonomous emergency braking (AEB) system is a typical safety-critical cyber-physical system (CPS) synthesizing the vehicular communications, control, and proception technologies. However, the control performance of braking can be easily deteriorated by the road adhesion saturation in physical environment and the multi-hop communication network-induced delays in cyber systems. Motivated by this, a new multi-hop loop delay analysis method and its associated upper-bound expression is proposed to scrutinize the system uncertainties, within the scope of CPS. Following this endeavor, a hierarchical cyber-physical control scheme for the AEB system is proposed to mitigate the adverse effects of road adhesion saturation and multi-hop communication network-induced delays. At the upper layer, a μ-adaptive time-to-collision (TTC) planning strategy is adopted to generate the desired acceleration for collision risk avoidance considering the road adhesion saturation. At the lower layer, an H∞-based linear quadratic regulator (LQR) is designed for acceleration tracking with strong robustness to the uncertainties of cyber system. Hardware-In-Loop (HIL) experiments validate that the proposed method is superior in terms of braking accuracy and the robustness to the system uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4426-4441
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering

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