AZD1775 increases sensitivity to olaparib and gemcitabine in cancer cells with p53 mutations

Xiangbing Meng, Jianling Bi, Yujun Li, Shujie Yang, Yuping Zhang, Mary Li, Haitao Liu, Yiyang Li, Megan E. McDonald, Kristina W. Thiel, Kuo Kuang Wen, Xinhao Wang, Meng Wu, Kimberly K. Leslie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor suppressor p53 is responsible for enforcing cell cycle checkpoints at G1/S and G2/M in response to DNA damage, thereby allowing both normal and tumor cells to repair DNA before entering S and M. However, tumor cells with absent or mutated p53 are able to activate alternative signaling pathways that maintain the G2/M checkpoint, which becomes uniquely critical for the survival of such tumor cells. We hypothesized that abrogation of the G2 checkpoint might preferentially sensitize p53-defective tumor cells to DNA-damaging agents and spare normal cells with intact p53 function. The tyrosine kinase WEE1 regulates cdc2 activity at the G2/M checkpoint and prevents entry into mitosis in response to DNA damage or stalled DNA replication. AZD1775 is a WEE1 inhibitor that overrides and opens the G2/M checkpoint by preventing WEE1-mediated phosphorylation of cdc2 at tyrosine 15. In this study, we assessed the effect of AZD1775 on endometrial and ovarian cancer cells in the presence of two DNA damaging agents, the PARP1 inhibitor, olaparib, and the chemotherapeutic agent, gemcitabine. We show that AZD1775 alone is effective as a therapeutic agent against some p53 mutated cell models. Moreover, the combination of AZD1775 with olaparib or gemcitabine is synergistic in cells with mutant p53 and constitutes a new approach that should be considered in the treatment of advanced and recurrent gynecologic cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number149
JournalCancers
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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