Recent studies found that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), by virtue of their tissue recovery and immunoregulatory properties, have shown a broad prospect for applications in various autoimmune and degenerative diseases. Although the potential therapeutic use of MSCs is considerable, studies and clinical treatment efficacy are preliminary due to the heterogeneity of MSCs. Herein, based on RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and single cell sequence properties, we demonstrated that B7-H1 plays an important role in the immunosuppressive function of human gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) in a collagen-induced arthritis murine model that is dependent on STAT3 signaling. Our data offer convincing evidence that B7-H1 expression by GMSCs helps to identify a new subpopulation of MSCs with a greater immunosuppressive property. The approach provides a unique and additional strategy for stem cells-based therapies of autoimmune and other inflammatory diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery