Barriers to post-placental intrauterine device receipt among expectant minority women

Lydia Furman, Shannon Pettit, Monique S. Balthazar, Khalilah Williams, Mary Ann O’Riordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: We aimed to identify barriers to breastfeeding-compatible post-placental intrauterine devices (IUDs) for expectant predominantly non-Hispanic African-American women. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional survey study, conducted at 3 Cleveland community partner locations, enrolled 119 expectant predominantly unmarried but partnered non-Hispanic African-American women. The survey assessed contraceptive, IUD-specific and breastfeeding attitudes and intentions. Survey responses were described with percentages and frequencies, and compared by feeding intention using 2-sided Chi-Square tests. Factor analysis with Varimax rotation identified 2 potential measures of reluctance to post-placental IUD acceptance. The relationship of factors scores to maternal characteristics was assessed. Results: Feeding intention (breastfeeding versus not) was not related to perceived barriers to post-placental IUD receipt among expectant minority women. A “Personal Risks Reluctance” factor included low risk IUD events (migration and expulsion), misconceptions (delayed fertility return), menstrual changes and partner preference: a higher score was significantly associated with younger age group but no other maternal characteristics. A “Not Me Reasons” factor included provider and insurance barriers, and was not related to any maternal characteristics. Conclusions: Expectant minority women’s perceived barriers to post-placental IUDs are not related to prenatal feeding intentions. We identified two clinically relevant factors that appear to measure barriers to post-placental IUD acceptance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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