Baseline projections for Latin America: base-year assumptions, key drivers and greenhouse emissions

Bas J. van Ruijven, Katie Daenzer, Karen Fisher-Vanden, Tom Kober, Sergey Paltsev, Robert H. Beach, Silvia Liliana Calderon, Kate Calvin, Maryse Labriet, Alban Kitous, André F.P. Lucena, Detlef P. van Vuuren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


This paper provides an overview of the base-year assumptions and baseline projections for the set of models participating in the LAMP and CLIMACAP projects. We present the range in baseline projections for Latin America, and identify key differences between model projections including how these projections compare to historic trends. We find relatively large differences across models in base year assumptions related to population, GDP, energy and CO2 emissions due to the use of different data sources, but also conclude that this does not influence the range of projections. We find that population and GDP projections across models span a broad range, comparable to the range represented by the set of Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs). Kaya-factor decomposition indicates that the set of baseline scenarios mirrors trends experienced over the past decades. Emissions in Latin America are projected to rise as a result of GDP and population growth and a minor shift in the energy mix toward fossil fuels. Most scenarios assume a somewhat higher GDP growth than historically observed and continued decline of population growth. Minor changes in energy intensity or energy mix are projected over the next few decades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-512
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Economics
StatePublished - May 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • General Energy


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