Bear diets and human–bear conflicts: insights from isotopic ecology

Nereyda Falconi, Tomás A. Carlo, Todd K. Fuller, Stephen Destefano, John F. Organ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bears, Ursidae, are considered omnivores, except for giant pandas Ailuropoda melanoleuca and polar bears Ursus maritimus. However, omnivory includes a wide range of dietary variation and trophic positions, making bear dietary ecology unclear. We inferred bear trophic positions from δ15N (‰) values and examined their correlation with diets reported in the literature, including frequency of human–bear conflicts (livestock predation and crop damage incidents). Overall, 15N signatures were consistent with diet estimates. Bear species with higher 15N signatures differed more from each other, including cases of large regional intraspecific variance, than bear species with lower 15N signatures. Bear trophic position and frequency of reports of human–bear conflicts were uncorrelated, suggesting that livestock predation by bears is an opportunistic behaviour rather than a response to food availability dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-327
Number of pages6
JournalMammal Review
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

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