Beaufort Sea observations of 11 to 12.5 kHz surface pulse reflections near 50 degree grazing angle from summer 2016 to summer 2017

Murat Kucukosmanoglu, John A. Colosi, Peter F. Worcester, Matthew A. Dzieciuch, Derek R. Olson, Edward L. Richards, Christopher W. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sea-surface acoustic scattering is investigated using observations from the 2016-2017 Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment. The motions of the low-frequency acoustic source and/or receiver moorings were measured using long-baseline acoustic navigation systems in which the signals transmitted once per hour by the mooring instruments triggered high-frequency replies from the bottom-mounted transponders. The moorings recorded these replies, giving the direct path and single-bounce surface-reflected arrivals, which have grazing angles near 50°. The reflected signals are used here to quantify the surface scattering statistics in an opportunistic effort to infer the changing ice characteristics as a function of time and space. Five scattering epochs are identified: (1) open water, (2) initial ice formation, (3) ice solidification, (4) ice thickening, and (5) ice melting. Significant changes in the ice scattering observables are seen using the arrival angle, moment of reflected intensity and its probability density function, and pulse time spread. The largest changes took place during the formation, solidification, and melting. The statistical characteristics across the experimental region are similar, suggesting consistent ice properties. To place the results in some physical context, they are interpreted qualitatively using notions of the partial and fully saturated wave fields, a Kirchhoff-like approximation for the rough surface, and a thin elastic layer reflection coefficient model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-125
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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