Becoming Poor: The Experiences of Elders

Diane K. McLaughlin, Leif Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Elderly Americans residing in nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) areas have higher poverty prevalence than their metropolitan (metro) counterparts. Data from both the response and nonresponse files of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (1988 wave) are analyzed to establish the extent to which this disadvantage also occurs in the length of poverty spells and the risk of becoming poor at older ages. Specifically, for individuals aged 55 and older Kaplan‐Meier survival functions and multivariate discrete‐time hazards models are estimated to document residential differences in the poverty risks of metro and nonmetro men and women. Nonpoor nonmetro elders are much more likely to become poor than metro elders. These results hold when controlling for race, education, marital status, age, change in work effort, becoming widowed, and types of income received. 1995 Rural Sociological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-223
Number of pages22
JournalRural Sociology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


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