Behavioral and emotional problems in Chinese adolescents: Parent and teacher reports

Xianchen Liu, Zhenxiao Sun, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Makoto Uchiyama, Masako Okawa, Walter Rogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Objective: This study examined behavioral and emotional problems in Chinese adolescents. Method: A sample of 1,694 adolescents aged 12 to 16 years participated in this study in 1997. Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and teachers completed the Teacher's Report Form (TRF). Results: For both parent and teacher reports, internalizing syndromes were scored higher in girls and externalizing syndromes were scored higher in boys. Scores on most of the CBCL and TRF subscales were higher for the older adolescents. The overall prevalence rates of parent- and teacher-reported behavioral problems were 23.1% and 19.2%, respectively. The eight cross-informant syndromes were highly comorbid, with a significant association across syndromes (mean odds ratio = 16.1 for CBCL and 22.5 for TRF). Correlations between parent and teacher reports were 0.51 for eight subscales and 0.68 for Total Problems. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that behavioral and emotional problems tend to increase with age and cluster in the same individuals. The prevalence rates of behavioral problems in Chinese adolescents are comparable to those reported in Western countries. In contrast to findings for Western samples, parent reports of behavioral problems were highly correlated with teacher reports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)828-836
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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