Behaviorally induced sex reversal of Metriaclima cf. livingstoni (cichlidae) from Lake Malawi

Jay R. Stauffer, Renea A. Ruffing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Sex reversal in the Lake Malawi cichlid, Metriaclima cf. livingstoni, was documented. A functional male in an aquarium was separated from three functional females by a divider of clear Plexiglas® sealed to tank walls. After the male was removed, one of the functional females developed male secondary sexual characteristics and fertilized eggs produced by the other females. In a second experiment, 6-7 functional females were placed in tanks without males. Again, sex change was noted with one of the former females fertilizing several broods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-620
Number of pages3
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 10 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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