Bidirectional Supramolecular Display and Signal Amplification on the Surface of Living Cells

Brandon Davis, Peng Shi, Erin Gaddes, Jinping Lai, Yong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to display exogenous molecules or nanomaterials on the surface of cells holds great potential for biomedical applications such as cell imaging and delivery. Numerous methods have been well established to enhance the display of biomolecules and nanomaterials on the cell surface. However, it is challenging to remove these biomolecules or nanomaterials from the cell surface. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reversible display of supramolecular nanomaterials on the surface of living cells. The data show that DNA initiators could induce the self-assembly of DNA-alginate conjugates to form supramolecular nanomaterials and amplify the fluorescence signals on the cell surface. Complementary DNA (cDNA), DNase, and alginase could all trigger the reversal of the signals from the cell surface. However, these three molecules exhibited different triggering efficiencies in the order cDNA > alginase > DNase. The combination of cDNA and alginase led to the synergistic reversal of nanomaterials and fluorescent signals from the cell surface. Thus, this study has successfully demonstrated a method for the bidirectional display of supramolecular nanomaterials on the surface of living cells. This method may find its application in numerous fields such as intact cell imaging and separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1412
Number of pages10
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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