Malignant transformation by oncogenes requires additional genetic/epigenetic changes to overcome enhanced susceptibility to apoptosis. In the present study, we report that Bif-1 (Sh3glb1), a gene encoding a membrane curvature-driving endophilin protein, is a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor that plays a key role in the prevention of chromosomal instability and suppresses the acquisition of apoptosis resistance during Myc-driven lymphomagenesis. Although a large portion of Bif-1-deficient mice harboring an Eμ-Myc transgene displayed embryonic lethality, allelic loss of Bif-1 dramatically accelerated the onset of Myc-induced lymphoma. At the premalignant stage, hemizygous deletion of Bif-1 resulted in an increase in mitochondrial mass, accumulation of DNA damage, and up-regulation of the antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1. Consistently, allelic loss of Bif-1 suppressed the activation of caspase-3 in Myc-induced lymphoma cells. Moreover, we found that Bif-1 is indispensable for the autophagy-dependent clearance of damaged mitochondria (mitophagy), because loss of Bif-1 resulted in the accumulation of endoplasmic reticulum-associated immature autophagosomes and suppressed the maturation of autophagosomes. The results of the present study indicate that Bif-1 haploinsufficiency attenuates mitophagy and results in the promotion of chromosomal instability, which enables tumor cells to efficiently bypass the oncogenic/metabolic pressures for apoptosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology