A considerable number of research works has been devoted to the study of tumor models. Several biophysical factors, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, chemotaxis, angiogenesis and necrosis, have been discovered to have an impact on the complicated biological system of tumors. An indicator of the aggressiveness of tumor development is the instability of the shape of the tumor boundary. Complex patterns of tumor morphology have been explored in Lu et al. (J Comput Phys 459:111153, 2022). In this paper, we continue to carry out a bifurcation analysis on such a vascular tumor model with a controlled necrotic core and chemotaxis. This bifurcation analysis, to the parameter of cell proliferation, is built on the explicit formulas of radially symmetric steady-state solutions. By perturbing the tumor free boundary and establishing rigorous estimates of the free boundary system, we prove the existence of the bifurcation branches with Crandall–Rabinowitz theorem. The parameter of chemotaxis is found to influence the monotonicity of the bifurcation point as the mode l increases both theoretically and numerically.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modeling and Simulation
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Applied Mathematics