Binding objects to scenarios of use

John M. Carroll, Robert L. Mack, Scott P. Robertson, Mary Beth Rosson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Scenarios are a natural and effective medium for thinking in general and for design in particular. Our work seeks to develop a potential unification between recent scenario-oriented work in object-oriented analysis/design methods and scenario-oriented work in the analysis/design of human-computer interaction. We illustrate this perspective by showing: (1) how scenario questioning can be used to systematically interrogate the knowledge and practices of potential users, and thereby to create object-oriented analysis models that are psychologically valid; (2) how depicting an individual object’s point-of-view can serve as a pedagogical scaffold to help students of object-oriented analysis see how to identify and assign object responsibilities in creating a problem domain model; and (3) how usage scenarios can be employed to motivate and coordinate the design implementation, refactoring and reuse of object-oriented software.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-276
Number of pages34
JournalInternational Journal of Human - Computer Studies
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Education
  • General Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Hardware and Architecture


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