Biofuel production by liquefaction of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) biomass

Bahar Meryemoǧlu, Arif Hasanoǧlu, Sibel Irmak, Oktay Erbatur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


In this study, kenaf biomass, its dried hydrolysate residue (solid residue left after removing water from hydrolysate) and non-hydrolyzed kenaf residue (solid residue left after hydrolysis process) were liquefied at various temperatures. Hydrolysis of biomass was performed in subcritical water condition. The oil. +. gas yield of biomass materials increased as the temperature increased from 250 to 300. °C. Increasing temperature to 350. °C resulted in decreases in oil. +. gas contents for all biomass feeds studied. On the other hand, preasphaltene. +. asphaltene (PA. +. A) and char yields significantly decreased with increasing the process temperature. The use of carbon or activated carbon supported Ru catalyst in the process significantly decreased char and PA. +. A formations. Oils produced from liquefaction of kenaf, dried kenaf hydrolysate and non-hydrolyzed kenaf residue consist of fuel related components such as aromatic hydrocarbons, benzene and benzene derivative compounds, indane and trans/cis-decalin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-283
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource technology
StatePublished - Jan 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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