Biology and life table parameters of Paralobesia viteana (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae), grown on different grape cultivars

Laura Laiton-Jimenez, Fnu Samiksha, Flor Edith Acevedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The grape berry moth, Paralobesia viteana (Clemens), is an important pest of cultivated grapes in eastern North America. Damage is caused directly by larval feeding of grape clusters and indirectly by increasing fruit susceptibility to fungal and bacterial pathogens. Despite the impact of grape berry moth on grapes being widely recognized, there is a lack of understanding of the influence that different grape cultivars may have on grape berry moth development, reproduction, and population dynamics. In this study, we constructed age–stage 2-sex life tables for grape berry moth fed on 5 grape cultivars: Concord, Niagara, Riesling, Chambourcin, and Vidal, to examine the effects of diet on insect population development, survival, reproduction, and demographic parameters such as net reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase, finite rate of increase, and mean generation time. Our findings reveal that grape cultivar significantly influenced the neonate wandering period, larval developmental time, adult and female longevity, pupal weight, adult preoviposition period, oviposition period, mean generation time, age–stage-specific life expectancy, and reproductive value of P. viteana. However, diet type did not affect grape berry moth total fecundity or other demographic parameters. The highest female reproductive value was observed at 30–40 days of age, indicating that control tactics implemented during this time frame would have the greatest impact on reducing population increase. This study provides critical information on the effects of different grape cultivars on grape berry moth development, reproduction, and demography. These insights could lead to the development of management strategies that improve pest control and reduce economic losses in vineyards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1152-1163
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume117
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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