Biomarkers for Transient Ischemic Attack: A Brief Perspective of Current Reports and Future Horizons

Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh, Neda Khalili, Alireza Sadighi, Yalda Yazdani, Ramin Zand

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebrovascular disease is the leading cause of long-term disability in the world and the third-leading cause of death in the United States. The early diagnosis of transient ischemic attack (TIA) is of great importance for reducing the mortality and morbidity of cerebrovascular diseases. Patients with TIA have a high risk of early subsequent ischemic stroke and the development of permanent nervous system lesions. The diagnosis of TIA remains a clinical diagnosis that highly relies on the patient’s medical history assessment. There is a growing list of biomarkers associated with different components of the ischemic cascade in the brain. In this review, we take a closer look at the biomarkers of TIA and their validity with a focus on the more clinically important ones using recent evidence of their reliability for practical usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1046
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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