Biomimetic and bioinspired approaches for wiring enzymes to electrode interfaces

Patrick O. Saboe, Emelia Conte, Megan Farell, Guillermo C. Bazan, Manish Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Biomimetic and bioinspired approaches to redox enzyme wiring involve borrowing structures and strategies found in biological electron transfer systems for use in engineered devices. Redox protein-electrode systems are evolving for several applications, including energy, biomedical and environmental purposes. This review is intended to be both "tutorial" and comprehensive in that we provide a guide to understand, design, and improve electrode interfaces for redox enzyme electron transfer processes in devices. The review examines electrode interfaces by directly comparing them with biological electron transfer systems. First, the mechanisms, theory, and structures for electron transfer in biological systems are provided, followed by analysis of the strategies and structures engineered in redox-protein devices. The review describes the challenges of constructing and applying redox enzyme devices, including the poor electrical contact between electrodes and enzymes and low lifetime and scalability of devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-42
Number of pages29
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution


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