Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV: Diagnosis based on DSM-III

T. L. Tan, J. D. Kales, A. Kales, C. R. Soldatos, E. O. Bixler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


DSM-III diagnoses were established for 100 patients with chronic insomnia. Principal and additional diagnoses on axis I and II (psychiatric and personality disorders) were extremely prevalent. Only five patients had a principal diagnosis on axis III (physical disorders). The most common diagnoses on axis I were dysthymic, anxiety, somatoform, and substance use disorders. Compulsive personality disorder on trait was the most common axis II diagnosis. Ninety-five patients had multiple diagnoses. This study confirms that patients with chronic insomnia have a high prevalence of psychopathology and characteristic internalizing patterns of anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsiveness, phobia, and excessive somatic concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV: Diagnosis based on DSM-III'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this