Biotic and abiotic variables influencing plant litter breakdown in streams: A global study

Luz Boyero, Richard G. Pearson, Cang Hui, Mark O. Gessner, Javier Pérez, Markos A. Alexandrou, Manuel A.S. Graça, Bradley J. Cardinale, Ricardo J. Albariño, Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam, Leon A. Barmuta, Andrew J. Boulton, Andreas Bruder, Marcos Callisto, Eric Chauvet, Russell G. Death, David Dudgeon, Andrea C. Encalada, Verónica Ferreira, Ricardo FigueroaAlexander S. Flecker, José F. Gonçalves, Julie Helson, Tomoya Iwata, Tajang Jinggut, Jude Mathooko, Catherine Mathuriau, Charles M’Erimba, Marcelo S. Moretti, Catherine M. Pringle, Alonso Ramírez, Lavenia Ratnarajah, José Rincon, Catherine M. Yule

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


Plant litter breakdown is a key ecological process in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Streams and rivers, in particular, contribute substantially to global carbon fluxes. However, there is little information available on the relative roles of different drivers of plant litter breakdown in fresh waters, particularly at large scales. We present a global-scale study of litter breakdown in streams to compare the roles of biotic, climatic and other environmental factors on breakdown rates. We conducted an experiment in 24 streams encompassing latitudes from 47.8°N to 42.8° S, using litter mixtures of local species differing in quality and phylogenetic diversity (PD), and alder (Alnus glutinosa) to control for variation in litter traits. Our models revealed that breakdown of alder was driven by climate, with some influence of pH, whereas variation in breakdown of litter mixtures was explained mainly by litter quality and PD. Effects of litter quality and PD and stream pH were more positive at higher temperatures, indicating that different mechanisms may operate at different latitudes. These results reflect global variability caused by multiple factors, but unexplained variance points to the need for expanded global-scale comparisons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20152664
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1829
StatePublished - Apr 27 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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