Blood glutathione concentrations in a large-scale human study

John P. Richie, Lisa Skowronski, Patricia Abraham, Yvonne Leutzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


Little is known about the variability of blood glutathione (GSII) in human subjects. Thus, we wanted to develop and validate a rapid method for measuring GSH concentrations in whole blood and apply this method to ascertain the variation of GSH in a large-scale study of free-living adults. The assay was highly sensitive (detection limit <5 pmol) and precise, with an interassay variation of 2.3% and a sampling variation of 3.6%. Applying this method to screen 715 adults, we observed a threefold range of GSH concentrations, with a mean of 1.02 mmol/L and CV of 17%. GSH concentrations were 8-10% greater in smokers than in nonsmokers (P <0.001). Although we observed no sex differences for GSH, GSH/hemoglobin ratios were 8-18% greater in women <55 years old than in older subjects (P <0.05). The results presented here validate the use of this method for large-scale human studies and provide information on the variation and normal values of blood GSH in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalClinical chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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