Little is known about the variability of blood glutathione (GSII) in human subjects. Thus, we wanted to develop and validate a rapid method for measuring GSH concentrations in whole blood and apply this method to ascertain the variation of GSH in a large-scale study of free-living adults. The assay was highly sensitive (detection limit <5 pmol) and precise, with an interassay variation of 2.3% and a sampling variation of 3.6%. Applying this method to screen 715 adults, we observed a threefold range of GSH concentrations, with a mean of 1.02 mmol/L and CV of 17%. GSH concentrations were 8-10% greater in smokers than in nonsmokers (P <0.001). Although we observed no sex differences for GSH, GSH/hemoglobin ratios were 8-18% greater in women <55 years old than in older subjects (P <0.05). The results presented here validate the use of this method for large-scale human studies and provide information on the variation and normal values of blood GSH in adults.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical