Boundary element modeling for defect characterization potential in a wave guide

Xiaoliang G. Zhao, Joseph L. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


Wave scattering analysis implemented by boundary element methods (BEM) and the normal mode expansion technique is used to study the sizing potential of two-dimensional shaped defects in a wave guide. Surface breaking half-elliptical shaped defects of three opening lengths (0.3, 6.35 and 12.7 mm) and through-wall depths of 10-90% on a 10 mm thick steel plate were considered. The reflection and transmission coefficients of both Lamb and shear horizontal (SH) waves over a frequency range 0.05-2 MHz were studied. A powerfully practical result was obtained whereby the numerical results for the S 0 mode Lamb wave and n 0 mode SH wave at low frequencies showed a monotonic increase in signal amplitude with an increase in the defect through-wall depth. At high frequency (usually above the cut-off frequency of the A 1 mode for Lamb waves and the n 1 mode for SH waves, respectively), the monotonic trend does not hold in general due to the energy redistribution to the higher order wave modes. Guided waves impinging onto an internal stringer-like an inclusion were also studied. Both the Lamb and SH waves were shown to be insensitive to the stringer internal inclusions at low frequency. Experiments with piezoelectric Lamb wave transducers and non-contact SH wave electro-magnetic acoustic transducers (EMAT) verified some of the theoretical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2645-2658
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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