Burden of Asthma and Role of 2.5 µg Tiotropium Respimat® as an Add-On Therapy: A Systematic Review of Phase 2/3 Trials

Lyndon Mansfield, Sy Duong-Quy, Timothy Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: Tiotropium, a long-acting muscarinic antagonist, is approved for maintenance treatment of asthma in patients at least 6 years of age in the USA. We systematically reviewed published evidence on the efficacy and safety of 2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat® add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) with or without additional controller medication(s) in children, adolescents, and adults with asthma. Methods: We searched PubMed from inception until October 3, 2018, for phase 2 and 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of 2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat® on lung function parameters in patients with asthma. We extracted adjusted mean differences for lung function data and adverse events (AEs) from relevant articles. Results: Overall, 11 RCTs (three phase 2 and eight phase 3 studies) including 3244 patients (2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat®, n = 1642; placebo, n = 1602) met the predefined inclusion criteria. Once-daily 2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat® improved lung function parameters, including peak and trough forced expiratory volume in 1 s and peak and trough forced vital capacity, versus placebo. Overall, the safety profile of 2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat® was comparable to that of placebo, with the most commonly reported AEs being asthma worsening, reduction in peak expiratory rate, nasopharyngitis, and respiratory tract infections. Conclusion: On the basis of the results of phase 2 and 3 studies, 2.5 µg tiotropium Respimat® as add-on to ICS therapy was safe and associated with consistent improvements in lung function in patients with asthma of varying severities across different age groups. Funding: Development of the manuscript was funded by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (BIPI).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2587-2599
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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