Calusa socioecological histories and zooarchaeological indicators of environmental change during the Little Ice Age in southwestern Florida, USA

Isabelle Holland-Lulewicz, Victor D. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Pineland Site Complex, 8LL1902, is a large archaeological complex of middens, mounds, and other topographic features located in coastal, southwestern Florida. It was occupied from approximately AD 50 and was a major Calusa town at European contact. We combine extant research from this well-preserved site complex with new chronological and zooarchaeological analyses to provide new insight into the relationship between fisher-gatherer-hunter subsistence economies and small-scale but impactful climatic change. We identify and record the localized environmental changes co-occurrent with the global climatic episode known as the Little Ice Age (AD 1200–1850). By combining Bayesian statistical analyses of radiocarbon dates with zooarchaeological analyses of a waterlogged, shoreline midden we generate a high-resolution, localized view of socioecological interactions at the Pineland Site ca. AD 1200–1500. Such micro-scale temporal perspectives are necessary to achieve high resolution, localized histories of human-climate dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-149
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Archaeology
  • Ecology
  • History
  • Archaeology

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