Can Implementing Person-Centered Care Tools Reduce Complaints? Evidence from the Implementation of PELI in Ohio Nursing Homes

Miranda C. Kunkel, John R. Bowblis, Jane Straker, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Katherine M. Abbott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nursing homes receive complaints when actual care provided to residents misaligns with desired care, suggesting that person-centered care (PCC) and honoring resident preferences in care delivery may help prevent complaints from arising. We explore whether nursing home implementation of a PCC tool, the Preferences for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI), is related to measures of complaints. Publicly available data on Ohio nursing homes was used to examine 1,339 nursing home-year observations. Regression techniques were used to evaluate the relationship between the extent of PELI implementation and four complaint outcomes: any complaint, number of complaints, any substantiated complaint, and number of substantiated complaints. Nursing homes with complete PELI implementation were less likely to have any complaints by 4.7% points (P <.05) and any substantiated complaints by 11.5% points (P <.001) as compared to partial PELI implementers. When complete PELI implementers did have complaints, they were fewer than partial PELI implementers. Complete PELI implementers were not immune from receiving complaints; however, the complaints they did receive were fewer in number and less likely to be substantiated as compared to communities who only partially implemented a PCC tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-155
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Aging and Social Policy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Gerontology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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