Can juvenile Atlantic salmon use multiple cue systems in spatial learning?

V. A. Braithwaite, J. D. Armstrong, H. M. McAdam, F. A. Huntingford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


An ability to form a map or spatial representation of a home range should facilitate efficient foraging and promote the use of effective escape routes to shelter. Although a few experiments have shown some species of fish are capable of simple spatial behaviour, little is known about the behavioural mechanisms they use to orient as they forage. Whether juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, have the capacity to use conspicuous visual landmarks to help them track a moving resource was investigated. The experiment was then modified to determine whether the salmon could continue to track the resource in the absence of conspicuous visual cues. The salmon followed a moveable food source in the presence and, after retraining, in the absence of distinct coloured landmarks. It is suggested that juvenile salmon may be capable of using multiple forms of cue to help them solve spatial tasks such as tracking a moving resource.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1409-1415
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology


Dive into the research topics of 'Can juvenile Atlantic salmon use multiple cue systems in spatial learning?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this