Can photovoltaic battery energy storage systems BE self-balancing?

Partha P. Mishra, Hosam K. Fathy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a novel approach for integrating battery storage into photovoltaic (PV) arrays. The approach relies on the integration of PV arrays with individual batteries to form "hybrid cells" that are then assembled into series strings. We use Lyapunov analysis to show that the proposed hybrid strings are globally asymptotically self-balancing, meaning that initial variations in state of charge (SOC), no matter how large, converge to zero. The PV subsystem serves as a negative feedback path that guarantees self-balancing without requiring dedicated balancing circuits. This significantly reduces the cost of the power electronics needed for integrating batteries into PV farms, compared to typical integration topologies. The paper uses local linearization to approximate the balancing rate, thereby highlighting its independence of battery pack length and elucidating its dependence on subsystem sizing. Finally, a simulation study validates the paper's theoretical insights regarding self-balancing, and examines its sensitivity to parameter heterogeneities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Control Design Methods, Nonlinear and Optimal Control, Robotics, and Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Assistive and Rehabilitation Robotics; Assistive Robotics; Battery and Oil and Gas Systems; Bioengineering Applications; Biomedical and Neural Systems Modeling, Diagnostics and Healthcare; Control and Monitoring of Vibratory Systems; Diagnostics and Detection; Energy Harvesting; Estimation and Identification; Fuel Cells/Energy Storage; Intelligent Transportation
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850695
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016 - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Oct 12 2016Oct 14 2016

Publication series

NameASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016


OtherASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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