Carbon Composites—Graphene-Oxide-Catalyzed Sugar Graphitization

Madhu Singh, Randy L. Vander Wal

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Utilization of biopolymers to form graphitic carbons is challenged by their high oxygen content and resulting curved and defective carbon lamellae upon high-temperature heat-treatment. Two composites, one with graphene-oxide (GO) and the other with reduced graphene-oxide (rGO) as fillers, respectively, in a matrix of sugar, each for the same added 2.5 wt.%, exhibited different degrees of graphitization compared to pure sugar on its own. Reactive oxygen groups on GO contribute to reactive templating and crystallite formation. Under high-temperature heat-treatment, sugar, a well-known non-graphitizing precursor, is converted to graphitic carbon in the presence of GO. Possessing fewer oxygen groups, rGO forms two phases in the sugar matrix—a non-graphitic phase and a graphitic phase. The latter is attributed to the remaining oxygen on the rGO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15
JournalC-Journal of Carbon Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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