Carbon-doped MgB2 thin films have been produced with hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition (HPCVD) by adding a carbon-containing metalorganic magnesium precursor, bis(methylcyclopentadienyl)magnesium, to the carrier gas. The amount of the carbon added, thus the carbon content in the films, was controlled by the flow rate of a secondary hydrogen gas flow through the precursor bubbler. X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy showed that the carbon-doped MgB2 films are textured with c-axis oriented columnar nano-grains and highly resistive amorphous areas at the grain boundaries. When the amount of carbon in the films increases, the resistivity increases dramatically while Tc decreases much more slowly as the current-carrying cross section is reduced by the grain boundaries. The temperature-dependent part of the resistivity, Δρ = ρ(300 K) - ρ(50 K), increases only modestly until the highly resistive grain boundaries completely cut off the conducting path. The impact of the reduced cross section on critical current density Jc is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering