Carbonation-induced volume change in alkali-activated slag

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In this work, the volume changes of alkali-activated slag (AAS) paste prepared using various types of activator were characterized at nitrogen and atmospheric conditions. The results show that atmospheric carbonation of AAS results in volumetric expansion and disintegration, which may be attributed to the generation of crystallization stress in restrained pore spaces. This study suggests that the carbonation-induced volume change in cementitious materials is a combined result of chemical reactions and physical characteristics, depending on hydrated phase assemblage, composition, and pore structure of cementitious solids. The potassium ions (K+), compared to sodium ions (Na+), can enter the interlayer space of calcium-alumina-silicate-hydrate (C-A-S-H), distort the C-A-S-H layers stacking, coarsen the pore structure, and make AAS more vulnerable to carbonation. It is suggested that the high alkali content in AAS systems contributes considerably to its poor volumetric stability under carbonation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-644
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Jul 30 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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