Caregiver and Health Care Provider Satisfaction with Volumetric Bladder Ultrasound

Brigitte M. Baumann, Kathryn McCans, Sarah A. Stahmer, Mary B. Leonard, Justine Shults, William C. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objectives: Conventional (nonimaged) bladder catheterization has lower first-attempt success rates (67%-72%) when compared with catheterization aided by volumetric bladder ultrasonography (US) (92%-100%), yet the total time to urine sample collection with US can be quite lengthy. Given the advantage and disadvantages, the authors assessed caregiver and health care provider satisfaction with these two methods. Methods: Caregivers and health care providers of children enrolled in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial examining the first-attempt urine collection success rates with these two methods completed standardized questionnaires. Each child's caregiver, nurse, and physician noted their perceptions, satisfaction, and future preferences using Likert-scale assessments. Results: Of 93 caregivers, 45 had children randomized to the conventional arm and 48 to the US arm. Nine physicians and three nurses participated. Both caregiver groups had similar previous catheterization experience; none had children undergo volumetric bladder sonography. Caregivers in the conventional group rated their children's discomfort higher (4.4 vs. 3.4; p = 0.02) and were less satisfied (4.5 vs. 6.4; p < 0.0001) than those in the US group. Nurses' satisfaction with catheterization in the conventional group was lower than in the US group (3.0 vs. 5.5), as was physicians' satisfaction (4.3 vs. 5.7; p < 0.0001). Both nurses and physicians indicated that they would be less likely to use conventional catheterization in future attempts. Conclusions: Caregivers in the conventional group rated their children's discomfort higher than did caregivers in the US group. Both caregivers and health care providers expressed greater satisfaction with US and were more likely to prefer this imaging modality with future catheterization attempts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-907
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine


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