Catalytic conversion of cellulose into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furldehyde (HMF) in ionic liquids

Huifang Wei, Min Liu, Chunshan Song, Xinwen Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


One-pot dehydration of cellulose into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furldehyde (HMF) in the presence of acidic ionic liquid and CrCl3 was investigated in detail. Ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BmimCl) was used as the solvent of cellulose. The influences of reaction temperature, reaction time and reactant ratio on the catalytic properties in the conversion of cellulose were studied. The different acidic ionic liquids (Acidic IL) were also used as catalysts to study the impact on the reaction. It was shown that cellulose as the feed was rapidly depolymerized and the resulting glucose was converted into HMF under mild reaction conditions. The results indicated that under optimized reaction conditions of θ=130°C, n(Acidic IL):n(CrCl3):n(Cellulose)=5:4.5:100, the yields of HMF and total production were 41% and 51%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-392
Number of pages6
JournalShiyou Xuebao, Shiyou Jiagong/Acta Petrolei Sinica (Petroleum Processing Section)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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